The chart below (click to enlarge) was put together to compare the intellectual accomplishments of the Greeks around the time of the Golden Age of Athens. The list includes philosophers, playwrights, scientists, mathematicians, the poet Pindar, and Hippocrates who is known as the “father of medicine”.
The two horizontal bars delineate the period of greatest achievement, which brackets the Golden Age of Pericles (464-431).
It’s interesting to note that the Greek philosophers overlapped each other over a three hundred and sixty year period as each built on the accomplishments of his predecessors. We see how the tragic playwrights were active during the time of the Persian Wars and into the golden age.
Plato lived through the decline of Athens and Aristotle, as Alexander’s tutor lived through the transition from an independent Greece to Greece as a part of the Macedonian Empire.